IncidentXP – BSCAT Method
Barrier Systematic Causation Analysis Technique
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What is IncidentXP?
IncidentXP is our incident analysis software product which uses the same software framework as BowTieXP. This makes it possible to link incident analysis information to risk assessment information. However, IncidentXP can also be used as full-fledged stand-alone incident analysis tool.
The software is designed to learn from all incidents that have occurred in your company. The type of incidents may range from process deviations, to near misses, to small incidents, to major accidents. And the incidents can relate to both Process Safety and Personal Safety.
Learning from incidents is a challenge for most organizations. One of the biggest reasons for this is that the analysis performed on the incident does not provide an adequate basis for high quality recommendations which will change the organization for the better while still being realistic. IncidentXP will assist you in making recommendation focused on a specific barrier or on the organizational level (basic risk factor level).
Only using incident analysis is not enough. Bowtie risk assessment can be used to check if the investigation covered everything that was supposed to be done before we finalize an incident analysis. Additional, the incident analysis results should link back to the risk assessment to aggregate and detect trends across incidents. By providing both risk assessment (BowTieXP) and risk monitoring (IncidentXP) we close the circle of Deming (plan-do-check-act) within 1 software framework.
BSCAT – Next generation incident analysis tool
BSCAT is a next generation incident analysis tool that uses barrier thinking to clarify and structure your incident analysis. The BSCAT method can utilise pre-existing BowTies or be used on its own. It is the first method to complete the circle and link risk assessments with incident analysis. BSCAT is built on top of the BowTieXP platform.
Recent insights reveal that improved safety management performance can be obtained if a more focused approach on barrier performance is followed. Advanced Barrier Management is a relatively new concept that addresses the effectiveness of specific barriers that aim to prevent undesired top events from happening and/or that aim to limit the extend of the undesired consequences.
The Bowtie-concept provides a clear visual presentation of several high risk scenarios and how these scenarios can be managed. When applying the bowtie-approach one is triggered to think of available and/or potential barriers that keep control of the hazard scenarios and their effectiveness. Bowtie-based risk analysis is part of mature risk based safety management framework and should be applied by all organisations that aim to have a better understanding and control of their key risks. Allocation of accountabilities and document links can be part of the bowtie-thinking when the software program BowtieXP is applied.
From SCAT to BSCAT
BSCAT links the bowtie-concept to DNV’s classical concept for incident investigation (SCAT), which is already used by many organisations. The Systematic Cause Analysis Technique provides a framework with predefined categories of direct and basic causes that have proven to be important contributions for incidents in a variety of market sectors. By applying this SCAT technique on barrier performance, one can assess the performance of barriers during an incident investigation and come up with specific improvement actions that address the basic causes of failure. The BSCAT-concept supports in particular (complex) incident investigations that are characterised by a variety of events that went wrong. BSCAT is now supported by a software tool – branded as DNV BSCAT – that allows for smart generation of incident diagrams. DNV BSCAT operates under the proven BowtieXP platform.